Species list

Lesser Yellowlegs

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

  • Indiana, Hamilton, United States

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The Cornell Guide to Bird Sounds: United States and Canada covers 900 species of regularly occurring, vagrant, and established exotic species in the United States (including Hawaii) and Canada. Taxonomy follows eBird/Clements v. 2019, and the species are as follows:

White-faced Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna viduata)
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
Fulvous Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor)
Emperor Goose (Anser canagicus)
Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens)
Ross’s Goose (Anser rossii)
Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)
Pink-footed Goose (Anser brachyrhynchus)
Brant (Branta bernicla)
Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis)
Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii)
Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)
Hawaiian Goose (Branta sandvicensis)
Mute Swan (Cygnus olor)
Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)
Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus)
Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus)
Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiaca)
Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata)
Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)
Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata)
Garganey (Spatula querquedula)
Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors)
Cinnamon Teal (Spatula cyanoptera)
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata)
Gadwall (Mareca strepera)
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope)
American Wigeon (Mareca americana)
Hawaiian Duck (Anas wyvilliana)
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
Mexican Duck (Anas diazi)
American Black Duck (Anas rubripes)
Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula)
White-cheeked Pintail (Anas bahamensis)
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca)
Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)
Redhead (Aythya americana)
Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)
Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula)
Greater Scaup (Aythya marila)
Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)
Steller’s Eider (Polysticta stelleri)
Spectacled Eider (Somateria fischeri)
King Eider (Somateria spectabilis)
Common Eider (Somateria mollissima)
Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata)
White-winged Scoter (Melanitta deglandi)
Black Scoter (Melanitta americana)
Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis)
Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)
Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)
Barrow’s Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica)
Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)
Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)
Masked Duck (Nomonyx dominicus)
Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)
Plain Chachalaca (Ortalis vetula)
Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris)
Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus)
Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata)
California Quail (Callipepla californica)
Gambel’s Quail (Callipepla gambelii)
Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae)
Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
Chukar (Alectoris chukar)
Himalayan Snowcock (Tetraogallus himalayensis)
Erckel’s Francolin (Pternistis erckelii)
Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus)
Gray Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus)
Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)
Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelanos)
Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix)
Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus)
Gunnison Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus minimus)
Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis)
Willow Ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus)
Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus muta)
White-tailed Ptarmigan (Lagopus leucura)
Dusky Grouse (Dendragapus obscurus)
Sooty Grouse (Dendragapus fuliginosus)
Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus)
Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)
Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus)
Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
American Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)
Least Grebe (Tachybaptus dominicus)
Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)
Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)
Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena)
Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)
Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis)
Clark’s Grebe (Aechmophorus clarkii)
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
White-crowned Pigeon (Patagioenas leucocephala)
Red-billed Pigeon (Patagioenas flavirostris)
Band-tailed Pigeon (Patagioenas fasciata)
Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)
African Collared-Dove (Streptopelia roseogrisea)
Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis)
Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata)
Inca Dove (Columbina inca)
Common Ground Dove (Columbina passerina)
Ruddy Ground Dove (Columbina talpacoti)
Key West Quail-Dove (Geotrygon chrysia)
White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)
White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica)
Zenaida Dove (Zenaida aurita)
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles exustus)
Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani)
Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
Greater Roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus)
Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)
Mangrove Cuckoo (Coccyzus minor)
Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus)
Lesser Nighthawk (Chordeiles acutipennis)
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)
Antillean Nighthawk (Chordeiles gundlachii)
Common Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis)
Common Poorwill (Phalaenoptilus nuttallii)
Chuck-will’s-widow (Antrostomus carolinensis)
Buff-collared Nightjar (Antrostomus ridgwayi)
Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus)
Mexican Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus arizonae)
Black Swift (Cypseloides niger)
Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)
Vaux’s Swift (Chaetura vauxi)
White-throated Swift (Aeronautes saxatalis)
Mexican Violetear (Colibri thalassinus)
Green-breasted Mango (Anthracothorax prevostii)
Rivoli’s Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)
Plain-capped Starthroat (Heliomaster constantii)
Blue-throated Mountain-gem (Lampornis clemenciae)
Lucifer Hummingbird (Calothorax lucifer)
Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)
Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)
Anna’s Hummingbird (Calypte anna)
Costa’s Hummingbird (Calypte costae)
Broad-tailed Hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus)
Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)
Allen’s Hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin)
Calliope Hummingbird (Selasphorus calliope)
Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris)
Berylline Hummingbird (Amazilia beryllina)
Buff-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia yucatanensis)
Violet-crowned Hummingbird (Amazilia violiceps)
White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis)
Ridgway’s Rail (Rallus obsoletus)
King Rail (Rallus elegans)
Clapper Rail (Rallus crepitans)
Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola)
Sora (Porzana carolina)
Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata)
Hawaiian Coot (Fulica alai)
American Coot (Fulica americana)
Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica)
Gray-headed Swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus)
Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis)
Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis)
Limpkin (Aramus guarauna)
Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis)
Common Crane (Grus grus)
Whooping Crane (Grus americana)
Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)
American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana)
American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus)
Black Oystercatcher (Haematopus bachmani)
Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
European Golden-Plover (Pluvialis apricaria)
American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica)
Pacific Golden-Plover (Pluvialis fulva)
Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)
Lesser Sand-Plover (Charadrius mongolus)
Snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus)
Wilson’s Plover (Charadrius wilsonia)
Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula)
Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)
Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)
Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)
Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus)
Northern Jacana (Jacana spinosa)
Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)
Bristle-thighed Curlew (Numenius tahitiensis)
Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)
Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus)
Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica)
Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa)
Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica)
Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
Black Turnstone (Arenaria melanocephala)
Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris)
Red Knot (Calidris canutus)
Surfbird (Calidris virgata)
Ruff (Calidris pugnax)
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (Calidris acuminata)
Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus)
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)
Temminck’s Stint (Calidris temminckii)
Long-toed Stint (Calidris subminuta)
Red-necked Stint (Calidris ruficollis)
Sanderling (Calidris alba)
Dunlin (Calidris alpina)
Rock Sandpiper (Calidris ptilocnemis)
Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima)
Baird’s Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii)
Little Stint (Calidris minuta)
Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)
White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis)
Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Calidris subruficollis)
Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos)
Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)
Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri)
Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus)
Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)
American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata)
Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)
Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus)
Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius)
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos)
Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius)
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)
Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)
Gray-tailed Tattler (Tringa brevipes)
Wandering Tattler (Tringa incana)
Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)
Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)
Willet (Tringa semipalmata)
Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)
Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)
Great Skua (Stercorarius skua)
South Polar Skua (Stercorarius maccormicki)
Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus)
Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus)
Long-tailed Jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus)
Dovekie (Alle alle)
Common Murre (Uria aalge)
Thick-billed Murre (Uria lomvia)
Razorbill (Alca torda)
Black Guillemot (Cepphus grylle)
Pigeon Guillemot (Cepphus columba)
Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus)
Kittlitz’s Murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris)
Scripps’s Murrelet (Synthliboramphus scrippsi)
Guadalupe Murrelet (Synthliboramphus hypoleucus)
Craveri’s Murrelet (Synthliboramphus craveri)
Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus)
Cassin’s Auklet (Ptychoramphus aleuticus)
Parakeet Auklet (Aethia psittacula)
Least Auklet (Aethia pusilla)
Whiskered Auklet (Aethia pygmaea)
Crested Auklet (Aethia cristatella)
Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata)
Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica)
Horned Puffin (Fratercula corniculata)
Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata)
Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla)
Red-legged Kittiwake (Rissa brevirostris)
Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea)
Sabine’s Gull (Xema sabini)
Bonaparte’s Gull (Chroicocephalus philadelphia)
Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus)
Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus)
Ross’s Gull (Rhodostethia rosea)
Laughing Gull (Leucophaeus atricilla)
Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)
Black-tailed Gull (Larus crassirostris)
Heermann’s Gull (Larus heermanni)
Mew Gull (Larus canus)
Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis)
Western Gull (Larus occidentalis)
Yellow-footed Gull (Larus livens)
California Gull (Larus californicus)
Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)
Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis)
Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides)
Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus)
Slaty-backed Gull (Larus schistisagus)
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)
Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus)
Great Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus)
Kelp Gull (Larus dominicanus)
Brown Noddy (Anous stolidus)
Black Noddy (Anous minutus)
White Tern (Gygis alba)
Sooty Tern (Onychoprion fuscatus)
Bridled Tern (Onychoprion anaethetus)
Aleutian Tern (Onychoprion aleuticus)
Least Tern (Sternula antillarum)
Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica)
Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia)
Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)
White-winged Tern (Chlidonias leucopterus)
Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii)
Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)
Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea)
Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri)
Royal Tern (Thalasseus maximus)
Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis)
Elegant Tern (Thalasseus elegans)
Black Skimmer (Rynchops niger)
White-tailed Tropicbird (Phaethon lepturus)
Red-billed Tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus)
Red-tailed Tropicbird (Phaethon rubricauda)
Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata)
Arctic Loon (Gavia arctica)
Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica)
Common Loon (Gavia immer)
Yellow-billed Loon (Gavia adamsii)
Yellow-nosed Albatross (Thalassarche chlororhynchos)
Laysan Albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis)
Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes)
Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus)
White-faced Storm-Petrel (Pelagodroma marina)
Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma furcata)
Leach’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa)
Ashy Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma homochroa)
Black Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma melania)
Least Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma microsoma)
Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis)
Trindade Petrel (Pterodroma arminjoniana)
Herald Petrel (Pterodroma heraldica)
Bermuda Petrel (Pterodroma cahow)
Black-capped Petrel (Pterodroma hasitata)
Hawaiian Petrel (Pterodroma sandwichensis)
Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea)
Pink-footed Shearwater (Ardenna creatopus)
Flesh-footed Shearwater (Ardenna carneipes)
Great Shearwater (Ardenna gravis)
Wedge-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna pacifica)
Sooty Shearwater (Ardenna grisea)
Short-tailed Shearwater (Ardenna tenuirostris)
Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus)
Black-vented Shearwater (Puffinus opisthomelas)
Audubon’s Shearwater (Puffinus lherminieri)
Wood Stork (Mycteria americana)
Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens)
Great Frigatebird (Fregata minor)
Masked Booby (Sula dactylatra)
Nazca Booby (Sula granti)
Blue-footed Booby (Sula nebouxii)
Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster)
Red-footed Booby (Sula sula)
Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus)
Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga)
Brandt’s Cormorant (Phalacrocorax penicillatus)
Red-faced Cormorant (Phalacrocorax urile)
Pelagic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus)
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)
Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)
American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)
Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus)
Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis)
Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)
Great Egret (Ardea alba)
Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor)
Reddish Egret (Egretta rufescens)
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Green Heron (Butorides virescens)
Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Nyctanassa violacea)
White Ibis (Eudocimus albus)
Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)
White-faced Ibis (Plegadis chihi)
Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja)
California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus)
Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
White-tailed Kite (Elanus leucurus)
Hook-billed Kite (Chondrohierax uncinatus)
Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus)
Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis)
Northern Harrier (Circus hudsonius)
Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus)
Cooper’s Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)
Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)
Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)
Steller’s Sea-Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus)
Common Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus)
Roadside Hawk (Rupornis magnirostris)
Harris’s Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)
White-tailed Hawk (Geranoaetus albicaudatus)
Gray Hawk (Buteo plagiatus)
Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)
Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)
Hawaiian Hawk (Buteo solitarius)
Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus)
Swainson’s Hawk (Buteo swainsoni)
Zone-tailed Hawk (Buteo albonotatus)
Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
Rough-legged Hawk (Buteo lagopus)
Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis)
Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
Flammulated Owl (Psiloscops flammeolus)
Whiskered Screech-Owl (Megascops trichopsis)
Western Screech-Owl (Megascops kennicottii)
Eastern Screech-Owl (Megascops asio)
Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)
Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus)
Northern Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula)
Northern Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium gnoma)
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum)
Elf Owl (Micrathene whitneyi)
Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia)
Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis)
Barred Owl (Strix varia)
Great Gray Owl (Strix nebulosa)
Long-eared Owl (Asio otus)
Stygian Owl (Asio stygius)
Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)
Boreal Owl (Aegolius funereus)
Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus)
Eared Quetzal (Euptilotis neoxenus)
Elegant Trogon (Trogon elegans)
Ringed Kingfisher (Megaceryle torquata)
Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)
Green Kingfisher (Chloroceryle americana)
Williamson’s Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus)
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)
Red-naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis)
Red-breasted Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber)
Lewis’s Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis)
Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
Acorn Woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus)
Gila Woodpecker (Melanerpes uropygialis)
Golden-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons)
Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)
American Three-toed Woodpecker (Picoides dorsalis)
Black-backed Woodpecker (Picoides arcticus)
Downy Woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens)
Nuttall’s Woodpecker (Dryobates nuttallii)
Ladder-backed Woodpecker (Dryobates scalaris)
Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Dryobates borealis)
Hairy Woodpecker (Dryobates villosus)
White-headed Woodpecker (Dryobates albolarvatus)
Arizona Woodpecker (Dryobates arizonae)
Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)
Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
Gilded Flicker (Colaptes chrysoides)
Crested Caracara (Caracara cheriway)
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
Merlin (Falco columbarius)
Aplomado Falcon (Falco femoralis)
Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus)
Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus)
Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)
Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus)
Rosy-faced Lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis)
Yellow-collared Lovebird (Agapornis personatus)
Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)
White-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus)
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri)
Red-crowned Parrot (Amazona viridigenalis)
Lilac-crowned Parrot (Amazona finschi)
Red-lored Parrot (Amazona autumnalis)
Yellow-headed Parrot (Amazona oratrix)
Turquoise-fronted Parrot (Amazona aestiva)
Thick-billed Parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha)
Nanday Parakeet (Aratinga nenday)
Blue-crowned Parakeet (Thectocercus acuticaudatus)
Green Parakeet (Psittacara holochlorus)
Mitred Parakeet (Psittacara mitratus)
Red-masked Parakeet (Psittacara erythrogenys)
Rose-throated Becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae)
Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet (Camptostoma imberbe)
Tufted Flycatcher (Mitrephanes phaeocercus)
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)
Greater Pewee (Contopus pertinax)
Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus)
Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens)
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)
Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)
Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum)
Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)
Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)
Hammond’s Flycatcher (Empidonax hammondii)
Gray Flycatcher (Empidonax wrightii)
Dusky Flycatcher (Empidonax oberholseri)
Pacific-slope Flycatcher (Empidonax difficilis)
Cordilleran Flycatcher (Empidonax occidentalis)
Buff-breasted Flycatcher (Empidonax fulvifrons)
Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)
Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)
Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya)
Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
Ash-throated Flycatcher (Myiarchus cinerascens)
Nutting’s Flycatcher (Myiarchus nuttingi)
Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)
Brown-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
La Sagra’s Flycatcher (Myiarchus sagrae)
Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris)
Piratic Flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius)
Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Couch’s Kingbird (Tyrannus couchii)
Cassin’s Kingbird (Tyrannus vociferans)
Thick-billed Kingbird (Tyrannus crassirostris)
Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis)
Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)
Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis)
Loggerhead Kingbird (Tyrannus caudifasciatus)
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus)
Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana)
Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapilla)
White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus)
Thick-billed Vireo (Vireo crassirostris)
Bell’s Vireo (Vireo bellii)
Gray Vireo (Vireo vicinior)
Hutton’s Vireo (Vireo huttoni)
Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons)
Cassin’s Vireo (Vireo cassinii)
Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)
Plumbeous Vireo (Vireo plumbeus)
Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus)
Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus)
Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
Yellow-green Vireo (Vireo flavoviridis)
Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus)
Hawaii Elepaio (Chasiempis sandwichensis)
Kauai Elepaio (Chasiempis sclateri)
Oahu Elepaio (Chasiempis ibidis)
Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)
Northern Shrike (Lanius borealis)
Canada Jay (Perisoreus canadensis)
Black-throated Magpie-Jay (Calocitta colliei)
Brown Jay (Psilorhinus morio)
Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas)
Pinyon Jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus)
Steller’s Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri)
Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)
Florida Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens)
Island Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma insularis)
California Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma californica)
Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma woodhouseii)
Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)
Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia)
Yellow-billed Magpie (Pica nuttalli)
Clark’s Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana)
American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
Northwestern Crow (Corvus caurinus)
Tamaulipas Crow (Corvus imparatus)
Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus)
Hawaiian Crow (Corvus hawaiiensis)
Chihuahuan Raven (Corvus cryptoleucus)
Common Raven (Corvus corax)
Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis)
Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)
Mountain Chickadee (Poecile gambeli)
Mexican Chickadee (Poecile sclateri)
Chestnut-backed Chickadee (Poecile rufescens)
Boreal Chickadee (Poecile hudsonicus)
Gray-headed Chickadee (Poecile cinctus)
Bridled Titmouse (Baeolophus wollweberi)
Oak Titmouse (Baeolophus inornatus)
Juniper Titmouse (Baeolophus ridgwayi)
Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor)
Black-crested Titmouse (Baeolophus atricristatus)
Great Tit (Parus major)
Verdin (Auriparus flaviceps)
Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris)
Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)
Millerbird (Acrocephalus familiaris)
Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)
Purple Martin (Progne subis)
Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)
Violet-green Swallow (Tachycineta thalassina)
Bahama Swallow (Tachycineta cyaneoviridis)
Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)
Cave Swallow (Petrochelidon fulva)
Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer)
Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)
Dusky Warbler (Phylloscopus fuscatus)
Willow Warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus)
Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis)
Kamchatka Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus examinandus)
Japanese Bush Warbler (Horornis diphone)
Bushtit (Psaltriparus minimus)
Wrentit (Chamaea fasciata)
Warbling White-eye (Zosterops japonicus)
Swinhoe’s White-eye (Zosterops simplex)
Chinese Hwamei (Garrulax canorus)
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush (Ianthocincla pectoralis)
Red-billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea)
Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa)
Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)
Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)
White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)
Pygmy Nuthatch (Sitta pygmaea)
Brown-headed Nuthatch (Sitta pusilla)
Brown Creeper (Certhia americana)
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)
California Gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica)
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher (Polioptila melanura)
Black-capped Gnatcatcher (Polioptila nigriceps)
Rock Wren (Salpinctes obsoletus)
Canyon Wren (Catherpes mexicanus)
House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
Pacific Wren (Troglodytes pacificus)
Winter Wren (Troglodytes hiemalis)
Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)
Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris)
Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)
Bewick’s Wren (Thryomanes bewickii)
Cactus Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus)
Sinaloa Wren (Thryophilus sinaloa)
American Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus)
Common Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa)
European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)
Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens)
Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)
Curve-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma curvirostre)
Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)
Long-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma longirostre)
Bendire’s Thrasher (Toxostoma bendirei)
California Thrasher (Toxostoma redivivum)
LeConte’s Thrasher (Toxostoma lecontei)
Crissal Thrasher (Toxostoma crissale)
Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus)
Bahama Mockingbird (Mimus gundlachii)
Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)
Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)
Western Bluebird (Sialia mexicana)
Mountain Bluebird (Sialia currucoides)
Townsend’s Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi)
Omao (Myadestes obscurus)
Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius)
Veery (Catharus fuscescens)
Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)
Bicknell’s Thrush (Catharus bicknelli)
Swainson’s Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)
Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)
Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)
Aztec Thrush (Ridgwayia pinicola)
Redwing (Turdus iliacus)
White-throated Thrush (Turdus assimilis)
Clay-colored Thrush (Turdus grayi)
American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
Rufous-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus)
Red-legged Thrush (Turdus plumbeus)
Eyebrowed Thrush (Turdus obscurus)
Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris)
Dusky Thrush (Turdus eunomus)
White-rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus)
Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica)
Siberian Rubythroat (Calliope calliope)
Red-flanked Bluetail (Tarsiger cyanurus)
Taiga Flycatcher (Ficedula albicilla)
Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe)
Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus)
Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)
Phainopepla (Phainopepla nitens)
Olive Warbler (Peucedramus taeniatus)
Northern Red Bishop (Euplectes franciscanus)
Lavender Waxbill (Estrilda coerulescens)
Orange-cheeked Waxbill (Estrilda melpoda)
Black-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda troglodytes)
Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild)
Red Avadavat (Amandava amandava)
Bronze Mannikin (Spermestes cucullata)
African Silverbill (Euodice cantans)
Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata)
Tricolored Munia (Lonchura malacca)
Chestnut Munia (Lonchura atricapilla)
Java Sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora)
Pin-tailed Whydah (Vidua macroura)
Siberian Accentor (Prunella montanella)
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)
Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)
Eastern Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla tschutschensis)
White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)
Olive-backed Pipit (Anthus hodgsoni)
Pechora Pipit (Anthus gustavi)
Red-throated Pipit (Anthus cervinus)
American Pipit (Anthus rubescens)
Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii)
Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla)
Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus)
Hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes)
Poo-uli (Melamprosops phaeosoma)
Akikiki (Oreomystis bairdi)
Maui Alauahio (Paroreomyza montana)
Palila (Loxioides bailleui)
Laysan Finch (Telespiza cantans)
Nihoa Finch (Telespiza ultima)
Akohekohe (Palmeria dolei)
Apapane (Himatione sanguinea)
Iiwi (Drepanis coccinea)
Maui Parrotbill (Pseudonestor xanthophrys)
Akiapolaau (Hemignathus wilsoni)
Anianiau (Magumma parva)
Hawaii Amakihi (Chlorodrepanis virens)
Oahu Amakihi (Chlorodrepanis flava)
Kauai Amakihi (Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri)
Hawaii Creeper (Loxops mana)
Akekee (Loxops caeruleirostris)
Hawaii Akepa (Loxops coccineus)
Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus)
Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)
Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch (Leucosticte tephrocotis)
Black Rosy-Finch (Leucosticte atrata)
Brown-capped Rosy-Finch (Leucosticte australis)
House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)
Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus)
Cassin’s Finch (Haemorhous cassinii)
Oriental Greenfinch (Chloris sinica)
Yellow-fronted Canary (Crithagra mozambica)
Common Redpoll (Acanthis flammea)
Hoary Redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni)
Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)
Cassia Crossbill (Loxia sinesciuris)
White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera)
European Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis)
Eurasian Siskin (Spinus spinus)
Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus)
Lesser Goldfinch (Spinus psaltria)
Lawrence’s Goldfinch (Spinus lawrencei)
American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)
Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus)
Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus)
Smith’s Longspur (Calcarius pictus)
McCown’s Longspur (Rhynchophanes mccownii)
Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis)
McKay’s Bunting (Plectrophenax hyperboreus)
Little Bunting (Emberiza pusilla)
Rustic Bunting (Emberiza rustica)
Rufous-winged Sparrow (Peucaea carpalis)
Botteri’s Sparrow (Peucaea botterii)
Cassin’s Sparrow (Peucaea cassinii)
Bachman’s Sparrow (Peucaea aestivalis)
Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)
Olive Sparrow (Arremonops rufivirgatus)
Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)
Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)
Black-chinned Sparrow (Spizella atrogularis)
Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)
Brewer’s Sparrow (Spizella breweri)
Black-throated Sparrow (Amphispiza bilineata)
Five-striped Sparrow (Amphispiza quinquestriata)
Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)
Lark Bunting (Calamospiza melanocorys)
American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)
Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca)
Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)
Yellow-eyed Junco (Junco phaeonotus)
White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)
Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia atricapilla)
Harris’s Sparrow (Zonotrichia querula)
White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)
Sagebrush Sparrow (Artemisiospiza nevadensis)
Bell’s Sparrow (Artemisiospiza belli)
Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)
LeConte’s Sparrow (Ammospiza leconteii)
Seaside Sparrow (Ammospiza maritima)
Nelson’s Sparrow (Ammospiza nelsoni)
Saltmarsh Sparrow (Ammospiza caudacuta)
Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)
Baird’s Sparrow (Centronyx bairdii)
Henslow’s Sparrow (Centronyx henslowii)
Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)
Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)
Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)
Canyon Towhee (Melozone fusca)
Abert’s Towhee (Melozone aberti)
California Towhee (Melozone crissalis)
Rufous-crowned Sparrow (Aimophila ruficeps)
Green-tailed Towhee (Pipilo chlorurus)
Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)
Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
Western Spindalis (Spindalis zena)
Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens)
Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)
Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)
Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)
Black-vented Oriole (Icterus wagleri)
Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)
Hooded Oriole (Icterus cucullatus)
Streak-backed Oriole (Icterus pustulatus)
Bullock’s Oriole (Icterus bullockii)
Spot-breasted Oriole (Icterus pectoralis)
Altamira Oriole (Icterus gularis)
Audubon’s Oriole (Icterus graduacauda)
Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)
Scott’s Oriole (Icterus parisorum)
Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
Tricolored Blackbird (Agelaius tricolor)
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis)
Bronzed Cowbird (Molothrus aeneus)
Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)
Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)
Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)
Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)
Boat-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus major)
Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)
Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)
Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum)
Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla)
Northern Waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)
Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera)
Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera)
Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)
Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea)
Swainson’s Warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii)
Crescent-chested Warbler (Oreothlypis superciliosa)
Tennessee Warbler (Leiothlypis peregrina)
Orange-crowned Warbler (Leiothlypis celata)
Colima Warbler (Leiothlypis crissalis)
Lucy’s Warbler (Leiothlypis luciae)
Nashville Warbler (Leiothlypis ruficapilla)
Virginia’s Warbler (Leiothlypis virginiae)
Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis)
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat (Geothlypis poliocephala)
MacGillivray’s Warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei)
Mourning Warbler (Geothlypis philadelphia)
Kentucky Warbler (Geothlypis formosa)
Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)
Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina)
American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)
Kirtland’s Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii)
Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina)
Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea)
Northern Parula (Setophaga americana)
Tropical Parula (Setophaga pitiayumi)
Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia)
Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea)
Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca)
Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia)
Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica)
Blackpoll Warbler (Setophaga striata)
Black-throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga caerulescens)
Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum)
Pine Warbler (Setophaga pinus)
Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)
Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica)
Prairie Warbler (Setophaga discolor)
Grace’s Warbler (Setophaga graciae)
Black-throated Gray Warbler (Setophaga nigrescens)
Townsend’s Warbler (Setophaga townsendi)
Hermit Warbler (Setophaga occidentalis)
Golden-cheeked Warbler (Setophaga chrysoparia)
Black-throated Green Warbler (Setophaga virens)
Fan-tailed Warbler (Basileuterus lachrymosus)
Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons)
Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus)
Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis)
Wilson’s Warbler (Cardellina pusilla)
Red-faced Warbler (Cardellina rubrifrons)
Painted Redstart (Myioborus pictus)
Slate-throated Redstart (Myioborus miniatus)
Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava)
Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)
Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea)
Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana)
Flame-colored Tanager (Piranga bidentata)
Crimson-collared Grosbeak (Rhodothraupis celaeno)
Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
Pyrrhuloxia (Cardinalis sinuatus)
Yellow Grosbeak (Pheucticus chrysopeplus)
Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
Black-headed Grosbeak (Pheucticus melanocephalus)
Blue Bunting (Cyanocompsa parellina)
Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea)
Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena)
Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)
Varied Bunting (Passerina versicolor)
Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris)
Dickcissel (Spiza americana)
Red-crested Cardinal (Paroaria coronata)
Yellow-billed Cardinal (Paroaria capitata)
Saffron Finch (Sicalis flaveola)
Morelet’s Seedeater (Sporophila morelleti)
Cinnamon-rumped Seedeater (Sporophila torqueola)
Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola)
Yellow-faced Grassquit (Tiaris olivaceus)
Black-faced Grassquit (Melanospiza bicolor)